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CBT - Cognitive Behavioural Therapy



Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that aims to help you manage your problems by changing how you think and act. In this type of therapy, you are encouraged to talk about how you think about yourself, the world and other people, and how what you do affects your thoughts and feelings.

By talking about these things, CBT can help you to change how you think (‘cognitive’) and what you do (‘behaviour’), which can help you feel better about life.

Who can use it



CBT is particularly helpful in tacking problems such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders and drug misuse.

Unlike other talking treatments, such as psychotherapy, CBT focuses on the problems and difficulties you have now, rather than issues from your past. It looks for practical ways you can improve your state of mind on a daily basis.

CBT usually involves weekly or fortnightly sessions with a therapist. The number of sessions required varies greatly depending on your problems and objectives, with treatment usually lasting from six weeks to six months.

How it works



CBT can help you see how your thoughts and behaviour relate to the way you feel, and how this might contribute to problems in your life. The therapist’s job is to help you find ways to change your thought patterns and behaviour so you can cope with your problems and anxieties better. CBT cannot remove your problems, but can help you to manage them in a more positive way.